What is the difference between HSV – 1 and HSV – 2?

The emotional as well as social attitude associated with infections caused by HSV – 1 and HSV – 2 are widely different, and it is these comparisons that make discussions on herpes quite difficult.


Which one is worse? Which is more easily transmitted? Is HSV – 1 (oral herpes or cold sores) and HSV – 2 (genital herpes) the same thing? In this article, we discuss about the similarities between these variants of the herpes simplex virus.

Scientific differences

Under an electron microscope, the HSV – 1 and HSV – 2 strains look nearly identical. These strains of the virus share approximately 50 percent of their DNAs and 85 percent of their genital build – up. While they behave similarly, they diverged a few years ago when humans started having sex face to face. This is exactly why their DNA is different, despite the genetic build – up being strikingly similar.

How are HSV – 1 and HSV – 2 similar?

As stated earlier, HSV – 1 and HSV – 2 are similar in the way they behave. Both strands of the virus affect the mucous membranes usually in the mouth and genitals. However, they may also affect the membranes in the eyes, nose and ears. Once a person has contracted the virus, it establishes latency in the nervous system. It is worth noting that the virus may continue to remain dormant for several years without showing any visible symptoms.

When the virus is activated due to a physical or emotional stimulus, they tend to replicate and travel the nerve pathways to the surface of the skin, where they appear as outbreaks, characterized as lesions and redness of the skin. This is why herpes symptoms are known to recur and transmit even when there are no symptoms visible.

How are HSV – 1 and HSV – 2 different?

The main difference between the two Difference Between HSV-1 &HSV-2strands of the virus is where they establish latency in the body. While HSV – 1 remains latent in nerve cells situated at the base of the neck, HSV – 2 remains dormant in the nerve cells at the base of the spine. It is due to the regions where they establish latency that they affect the nearest parts – mouth and genitals respectively.


Is HSV – 1 more risky than HSV – 2?

It is due to the euphemism attached with HSV – 1, people assume it to be a mild infection. It is this misunderstanding that makes people more vulnerable to transmitting the virus to others. Although it isn’t dangerous when it affects the mouth, it may lead to partial or even complete blindness in case it affects the eye, leading to ocular herpes. On the other hand, HSV – 2 may cause neonatal herpes, which is uncommon but is known to be lethal for newborns.

Can Herpes Affect Your Fertility?

The stigma attached with herpes is long reaching. While people have understood the ways in which the virus is transmitted, they aren’t yet clear about the long term affects associated with the condition. In fact, there are a lot of myths regarding herpes that add to the confusion. The connection between the herpes simplex virus and fertility has long been studies and fetched good results.


Herpes Fertility


It has been estimated that 20 percent of the global population is living with Herpes and 60 percent of this population has no clue if they’re affected. This makes a lot of others vulnerable to the condition, which has no cure. But, do you have to panic if you’re among people living with herpes? The answer, according to industry experts, is a resounding NO! The herpes simplex virus has absolutely no impact on an individual’s fertility.

While the virus affects the genital area (vagina in women and penis in men), it doesn’t cross over into other reproductive organs. It neither affects a man’s sperm count nor does it have an impact on a woman’s ability to conceive. Nevertheless, a herpes infection is associated with a few other complications.

Although herpes doesn’t impede conceptions, it makes it difficult in another aspect – in the event of an outbreak; infected individuals are advised to avoid engaging in any form of physical intimacy. This would take a hit, if you’re experiencing an outbreak during the most critical baby – making time of the month. Nonetheless, herpes outbreaks are usually short – lived and couples should be able to try again in order to conceive.

Transmission during delivery

 Characterized by blisters and lesions, the herpes simplex virus can easily be transmitted from one individual to another, and therefore could be spread to the baby at the time of delivery. Under these conditions, doctors usually advice women to undergo C – section. When no lesions are present in the genital areas, a completely natural vaginal birth can take place with no ill effects on the baby.

Besides, research has also shown that mothers with herpes who take adequate medication at the time of pregnancy can protect the unborn baby from getting the infection even if it comes in contact with the herpes simplex virus. On the other hand, when it comes to men, there is no recorded data that shows any connection between herpes infection and infertility. Various independent studies have shown that the herpes simplex virus has no affect on erections or sperm count.

Why do we act like herpes is a sexual death sentence?

There is a notion that people who are living with a sexually transmitted disease cannot have fulfilling sex, especially with someone who isn’t living with the same STI. Herpes, which is caused by the herpes simplex virus, is an extremely common sexually transmitted infection that affects more than 50 percent of the entire population at some point of their life. So, why is it that herpes continues to remain a topic of stigma that no one wants to speak about?




Most people are devastated on learning about their herpes diagnosis, without realizing how common it is. Although herpes has no cure, it isn’t a condition that is life threatening. People living with herpes can continue to live a life of contentment, get married and have a family. However, it is worth mentioning that a person living with herpes are advised to take medication that would help them deal with symptoms.

Sex isn’t the only concern

For people living with herpes, sex isn’t the only concern. Given the stigma attached with herpes, individuals think finding a companion would prove to be a herculean task. People hesitate to get into a relationship with herpes singles fearing they would be exposed to the infection. However, this should no longer be a reason to worry thanks to the inception of specialist herpes dating sites. These dating sites are equipped with tones of communication and search features that can bring herpes singles together for a relationship.

Furthermore, herpes dating sites also give users the opportunity to get in touch with industry experts who can help them learn more about the condition and ways of dealing with its symptoms. So, making friends of finding a life companion isn’t a real concern with these sites at your service.

You can continue to enjoy sex despite having herpes

Living with herpes doesn’t mean you cannot have sex. However, your healthcare professional might advice you to refrain from having sex in the event of an outbreak. The herpes simplex virus has the tendency of transmitting through direct contact with the infected area, which is possible with oral, vaginal or anal sex. In addition, considering the makeup of the female genitals, women are considerably more vulnerable to contracting herpes. Use of antiviral drugs like acyclovir and famciclovir can play an important role in dealing with the symptoms of herpes. It is advised you consult your doctor to learn more about the application of these drugs. On the other hand, use of contraceptives should be considered mandatory each time you indulge in physical intimacy with your partner.

Effective Home Remedies for Herpes

Herpes is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the herpes simplex virus. The virus exhibits two variants – herpes simplex virus type – 1 and herpes simplex virus type – 2 that are responsible for cold sores and genital herpes respectively. Although the virus is mostly asymptomatic in nature, in some cases it may appear in the form of lesions on lips, mouth and the genitilia. It is also worth noting that herpes is spread by direct physical contact with the infected region in addition to sexual intercourse.


If you’re living with herpes, the following home remedies for herpes will help:


  • Cold compress: A lot of people living with herpes are aware of the fact that ice cubes can effectively be used to reduce the pain or redness associated with herpes symptoms. You may either apply ice cubes directly or use an ice bad. Repeat the process every 3 to 4 hours to reduce the redness or pain of the sores.


  • Lemon: All you need to do is cut the lemon into halves and place the cut area directly on the infected region. You may place the lemon on the sores for as long as you want but remember to replace it after some time.


  • Wet tea bags: Start off by soaking a black tea bag in a cup of warm water for a few moments. Apply the wet tea bag to the affected areas. It is the anti – inflammatory and anti – viral property of tea that makes it an effective agent in treatment of herpes symptoms.


  • Aloe Vera juice: Applying aloe vera extract or juice directly to the infected area for 10 – 15 days to see optimum results. Consumption of aloe vera juice on an empty stomach is also beneficial.


  • Honey: Honey is an amazing remedy for a host of ailments. Honey can be used as an effective agent in treatment of herpes symptoms as well. All you need to do is apply honey to the affected area for about 30 – 40 minutes and wash it off. Repeat the procedure for 3 – 4 times a day for optimum results.


  • Milk: Milk is said to be an amazing remedy for sores on the body. In order to treat the symptoms of herpes, apply cold milk on the infected area for about 15 minutes and wash it off. The monocarpin fat present in milk helps in dealing with the virus.


While antiviral drugs are known to be highly effective in treating the symptoms associated with the herpes simplex virus, following the aforementioned natural home remedies can prove to be vital in the treatment.

Why it wouldn’t be wrong to assume everyone has herpes?

Herpes is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections in the United States, affective 1 in 5 persons. According to CDC figures on the prevalence of genital herpes, more than 80 percent of persons having herpes are undiagnosed. Besides, the prevalence rate among people in their 40s is 26 percent. In the general population, 11.5 percent men and 20 percent women are living with the herpes simplex virus.


According to medical experts, herpes is a tricky virus and a person living with herpes simplex virus type – 1, which appears as cold sores, is likely to transmit the infection to another person through oral sex. In this case, the receiving person might receive genital herpes (herpes simplex virus type – 2). As a matter of fact, HSV – 1 is so widespread that almost every person has it.


Physical intercourse isn’t the only way by which herpes is transmitted

 Another reason behind the spread of the herpes simplex virus is the fact that the virus doesn’t only spread through sexual intercourse. Mere skin-to-skin contact is enough to spread the virus. Moreover, a person experiencing an outbreak is more likely to spread the infection. The virus may lie dormant in the body for several years and suddenly crop up in the form of cold sores in the event of an outbreak.

Unlike Gonorrhea and Chlamydia, there is no cure for herpes. So, once you’re affected with the herpes simplex virus, you have it forever. Although there are antiviral drugs that can reduce the frequency and severity of these outbreaks, there is no way to eliminate the virus from the body. However, it is worth mentioning that research is underway to create a vaccine for the same.

Should you get tested for herpes?


 A lot of couples these days get themselves tested for sexually transmitted infections prior to getting physically intimate. This, according to medical experts is a great way to ward off transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Given the fact that the herpes simplex virus doesn’t always show any symptoms, it would be wise to go ahead unless you’re sure. The couple should reach a certain level of understanding, and get themselves tested prior to sharing personal space.

Making the most of herpes dating sites

 According to official figures, more than 50 million individuals in the United States are living with herpes simplex virus type – 2 and a vast majority isn’t aware of their infection, which makes them prone to spreading the virus. Therefore, it is always advised to date a person who is living with the same virus as you do so as to prevent the spread of the herpes simplex virus. Dedicated herpes dating sites have made it possible for people with herpes to connect with each other for friendship or a long term relationship.

Are you single this Valentine’s Day? Join a herpes dating site!

Valentine’s Day is round the corner and you find yourself without a companion? With the inception of herpes dating sites, you would no longer have to head out hunting for a companion to spend your special day with. With dating sites offering special features and offers this Valentine’s Day, you could be in for a sweeter deal this time around.

However, with less than a week remaining, it’s time to up the ante and make the leap to finding your Valentine. Here are a few tips that would certainly come in handy in your search for the perfect companion:


  • Don’t settle for an ordinary dating site: There are thousands of herpes dating sites available on the market with a majority of sites making similar claims. Therefore, it becomes essential to choose a site that caters to all your needs and doesn’t force you to make any compromises. Check out reviews of some of the best herpes dating sites, compare them and join the one that suits you best.
  • Don’t wait for someone to contact you: With less than a week remaining for Valentine’s Day, you shouldn’t waste a considerable amount of time waiting for someone to connect with you. If you come across someone interesting, it would be better to reach out to him / her. You may start off with something in common such as interests or hobbies and get the ball rolling.
  • Don’t dwell on previous experiences: Valentine’s Day 2016 marks the beginning of a new year in your love life. Therefore, instead of thinking about your negative experiences in the past, it would be better to start afresh and connect with people whom bring in the positivity in your life. Stress is the worst think that a person living with herpes should deal with. Find love and mark the beginning of a new and positive life.
  • Watch out for leeches: People know how desperate you are to find the perfect companion this Valentine’s Day. They would do anything it takes you expose you to making terrible mistakes. It has been reported that the frequency of financial frauds increases around Valentine’s Day, given the fact that people don’t wish to remain single on this special day when their friends are out on dates.


 If you wish to turn this Valentine’s Day from an ordinary day to a special one, all you need to do is join a reliable herpes dating site and design an amazing profile that grabs the attention of your special someone. Follow the aforementioned tips to boost your chances of connecting with the ideal companion who fills the void in your life.