Medical experts and researchers from across the globe are working hard to find a cure for Genital Herpes. While the final objective is to formulate a vaccine, the results obtained as part of clinical studies haven’t been favorable so far.
Scientists working in the field of herpes research have been exploring the possibilities of using Microbicides as a potential agent in the treatment of genital herpes. Microbicides are chemical substances that act as a shield against infections by killing the micro-organisms before they can enter the body. So far, scientists have been able to discover only two products – tenofovir gel and siRNA nanoparticles that need to be applied on the vagina.
Studies have shown that these chemical agents may be successful in killing various kinds of infections in addition to the herpes simplex virus. Furthermore, it has also been said that using these chemicals shall certainly curb the transmission of the herpes simplex virus from one individual to another. Studies have also been working on new drugs that would prevent the virus from replicating.
Clinical trials of the newly found drugs will undergo clinical trials for several years before they are actually made available to the public. Before a drug is approved by the Food and Drug Administration and made available to the public, it undergoes rigorous clinical tests on the possible benefits and disadvantages. The process is broadly classified into three phases.
In the first phase, it is determined whether the drug is safe for human consumption. In phase 2 it is found out whether the drug works as it should. In the third and final phase, researchers try including more people from different places to see the effectiveness of the drug. To conduct a clinical trial, researchers require voluntary participation of thousands of people. Clinical trials involve patients who are willing to test the affects of a particular drug.
The FDA works in association with a separately appointed review board, which carefully monitors every aspect of the testing process. There is a predefined set of rules and guidelines that must be complied with in order to ensure that the trial is not only ethically but also scientifically correct. The volunteers participating in trials have certain rights and can opt to quit the trial at any point of time.
While it is certainly very risky to be a part of the trial process, there are several benefits associated with it too. For instance, you might get an opportunity to try a new “wonder drug” long before it is made available to the general audience. If you are interested in being a part of the experiment, ask your doctor for he might know of any trial that is seeking volunteers.