The process of introducing a new drug into the market that is ideal for human consumption can be a long one. Before the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) of the United States of America approves a particular drug or treatment it undergoes a laborious process of clinical testing. These clinical trials are categorized into 3 phases, with each one being conducted to meet a specific requirement.
- Phase 1: Researchers find out if the drug is safe for consumption by the public. If the drug is deemed fit for consumption, the trial progresses onto the second phase.
- Phase 2: This is the most critical process in the trial period of any drug. In this phase, researchers aim to determine whether the drug works as endorsed. In case it does, the clinical trial proceeds into the third and final phase. If the drug doesn’t work as expected, the trial terminates.
- Phase 3: In the final stage of experimentation, researchers try including more people from different places as part of the trial. The research is expanded to accommodate more people so that the impact of a particular drug is evaluated on a wider section of the audience.
Scientists need voluntary participation of people in order to successfully conduct a clinical trial. These trials often involve thousands of people who are willing to try the experimental drug. Besides the FDA, an independent review board is set up to keep a tab on every aspect of the trial. There are certain guidelines that researchers are supposed to comply with, in order to ensure that is scientifically as well as ethically sound.
Furthermore, there are certain predefined rights that volunteers enjoy. For instance, they can drop out of the trial at any point of time, without giving any sort of explanation. There is no doubt about the fact that participating in a clinical trial involves a great deal of risk. However, there are some benefits of being a part of the trial as well. You might get an opportunity to try a new “wonder drug” way before it is made available to the general public.
In case you are interested in participating in any such clinical trial, you may ask for doctor for assistance. Physicians and medical experts generally have some idea on any ongoing trials or if any researcher is seeking volunteers. You can also check out the database maintained by the National Institute of Health to search for an opportunity. The official website provides a great deal of information pertaining to a clinical trial as well as the ones that are already in progress.