What is the difference between HSV – 1 and HSV – 2?

The emotional as well as social attitude associated with infections caused by HSV – 1 and HSV – 2 are widely different, and it is these comparisons that make discussions on herpes quite difficult.

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Which one is worse? Which is more easily transmitted? Is HSV – 1 (oral herpes or cold sores) and HSV – 2 (genital herpes) the same thing? In this article, we discuss about the similarities between these variants of the herpes simplex virus.

Scientific differences

Under an electron microscope, the HSV – 1 and HSV – 2 strains look nearly identical. These strains of the virus share approximately 50 percent of their DNAs and 85 percent of their genital build – up. While they behave similarly, they diverged a few years ago when humans started having sex face to face. This is exactly why their DNA is different, despite the genetic build – up being strikingly similar.

How are HSV – 1 and HSV – 2 similar?

As stated earlier, HSV – 1 and HSV – 2 are similar in the way they behave. Both strands of the virus affect the mucous membranes usually in the mouth and genitals. However, they may also affect the membranes in the eyes, nose and ears. Once a person has contracted the virus, it establishes latency in the nervous system. It is worth noting that the virus may continue to remain dormant for several years without showing any visible symptoms.

When the virus is activated due to a physical or emotional stimulus, they tend to replicate and travel the nerve pathways to the surface of the skin, where they appear as outbreaks, characterized as lesions and redness of the skin. This is why herpes symptoms are known to recur and transmit even when there are no symptoms visible.

How are HSV – 1 and HSV – 2 different?

The main difference between the two Difference Between HSV-1 &HSV-2strands of the virus is where they establish latency in the body. While HSV – 1 remains latent in nerve cells situated at the base of the neck, HSV – 2 remains dormant in the nerve cells at the base of the spine. It is due to the regions where they establish latency that they affect the nearest parts – mouth and genitals respectively.

 

Is HSV – 1 more risky than HSV – 2?

It is due to the euphemism attached with HSV – 1, people assume it to be a mild infection. It is this misunderstanding that makes people more vulnerable to transmitting the virus to others. Although it isn’t dangerous when it affects the mouth, it may lead to partial or even complete blindness in case it affects the eye, leading to ocular herpes. On the other hand, HSV – 2 may cause neonatal herpes, which is uncommon but is known to be lethal for newborns.

Why are herpes singles advised to date someone with herpes?

Herpes, a condition caused by the herpes simplex virus, affects 1 in 5 persons in the United States and the numbers are no better in other countries like Canada, the United Kingdom or Australia. It is worth mentioning that herpes is an asymptomatic condition, which means it shows no symptoms. This is why a lot of people across the globe spread it unknowingly.

Medical experts advise people that are sexually active to get tested for an STD every 6 months, so as to keep a check on such infections. This would not only allow them to start treatment at an early stage but also ensure they don’t transmit the virus to anyone they’re involved with.

 

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Unlike HIV, which has the tendency of becoming a super – infection on coming in contact with another variant of the virus, HSV doesn’t aggravate into a super – infection. It is due to this nature of the herpes simplex virus that medical experts always advise people living with herpes to date someone already affected with herpes. Here are a few other benefits of dating someone with herpes:

  •  He’d understand you better: Herpes is usually associated with outbreaks that emerge in the form of rashes and cold sores. It is worth mentioning the chances of transmission of the virus are extremely high in the event of an outbreak. It would be easier to explain the nature of your condition to someone who is already affected with the virus rather than someone who is new to the entire scenario.
  • There wouldn’t be any need to have ‘the talk’: People living with herpes are well aware of the importance of having the talk with their partner. People often find themselves confused over whether they should reveal details of their medical condition on the first date or when they’ve reached a certain level of understanding. Dating someone with herpes would ensure you don’t have to have any discussion for he/she would be able to understand you better.
  • The chances of transmission of the virus are eliminated: When two individuals having herpes engage in any kind of sexual activity, they aren’t likely to spread the infection due to the nature of the virus. It is to be borne in mind that the herpes simplex virus doesn’t turn into a super – infection on coming in contact with another strand of the virus.

 This is exactly why doctors and other medical experts advise people living with herpes to seek the company of someone already living with herpes. It has been observed that herpes, being an asymptomatic condition tends to spread unknowingly. Creating an ecosystem that doesn’t make transmission feasible would prove to be beneficial.

Can Herpes Affect Your Fertility?

The stigma attached with herpes is long reaching. While people have understood the ways in which the virus is transmitted, they aren’t yet clear about the long term affects associated with the condition. In fact, there are a lot of myths regarding herpes that add to the confusion. The connection between the herpes simplex virus and fertility has long been studies and fetched good results.

 

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It has been estimated that 20 percent of the global population is living with Herpes and 60 percent of this population has no clue if they’re affected. This makes a lot of others vulnerable to the condition, which has no cure. But, do you have to panic if you’re among people living with herpes? The answer, according to industry experts, is a resounding NO! The herpes simplex virus has absolutely no impact on an individual’s fertility.

While the virus affects the genital area (vagina in women and penis in men), it doesn’t cross over into other reproductive organs. It neither affects a man’s sperm count nor does it have an impact on a woman’s ability to conceive. Nevertheless, a herpes infection is associated with a few other complications.

Although herpes doesn’t impede conceptions, it makes it difficult in another aspect – in the event of an outbreak; infected individuals are advised to avoid engaging in any form of physical intimacy. This would take a hit, if you’re experiencing an outbreak during the most critical baby – making time of the month. Nonetheless, herpes outbreaks are usually short – lived and couples should be able to try again in order to conceive.

Transmission during delivery

 Characterized by blisters and lesions, the herpes simplex virus can easily be transmitted from one individual to another, and therefore could be spread to the baby at the time of delivery. Under these conditions, doctors usually advice women to undergo C – section. When no lesions are present in the genital areas, a completely natural vaginal birth can take place with no ill effects on the baby.

Besides, research has also shown that mothers with herpes who take adequate medication at the time of pregnancy can protect the unborn baby from getting the infection even if it comes in contact with the herpes simplex virus. On the other hand, when it comes to men, there is no recorded data that shows any connection between herpes infection and infertility. Various independent studies have shown that the herpes simplex virus has no affect on erections or sperm count.

Why do we act like herpes is a sexual death sentence?

There is a notion that people who are living with a sexually transmitted disease cannot have fulfilling sex, especially with someone who isn’t living with the same STI. Herpes, which is caused by the herpes simplex virus, is an extremely common sexually transmitted infection that affects more than 50 percent of the entire population at some point of their life. So, why is it that herpes continues to remain a topic of stigma that no one wants to speak about?

 

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Most people are devastated on learning about their herpes diagnosis, without realizing how common it is. Although herpes has no cure, it isn’t a condition that is life threatening. People living with herpes can continue to live a life of contentment, get married and have a family. However, it is worth mentioning that a person living with herpes are advised to take medication that would help them deal with symptoms.

Sex isn’t the only concern

For people living with herpes, sex isn’t the only concern. Given the stigma attached with herpes, individuals think finding a companion would prove to be a herculean task. People hesitate to get into a relationship with herpes singles fearing they would be exposed to the infection. However, this should no longer be a reason to worry thanks to the inception of specialist herpes dating sites. These dating sites are equipped with tones of communication and search features that can bring herpes singles together for a relationship.

Furthermore, herpes dating sites also give users the opportunity to get in touch with industry experts who can help them learn more about the condition and ways of dealing with its symptoms. So, making friends of finding a life companion isn’t a real concern with these sites at your service.

You can continue to enjoy sex despite having herpes

Living with herpes doesn’t mean you cannot have sex. However, your healthcare professional might advice you to refrain from having sex in the event of an outbreak. The herpes simplex virus has the tendency of transmitting through direct contact with the infected area, which is possible with oral, vaginal or anal sex. In addition, considering the makeup of the female genitals, women are considerably more vulnerable to contracting herpes. Use of antiviral drugs like acyclovir and famciclovir can play an important role in dealing with the symptoms of herpes. It is advised you consult your doctor to learn more about the application of these drugs. On the other hand, use of contraceptives should be considered mandatory each time you indulge in physical intimacy with your partner.

Effective Home Remedies for Herpes

Herpes is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the herpes simplex virus. The virus exhibits two variants – herpes simplex virus type – 1 and herpes simplex virus type – 2 that are responsible for cold sores and genital herpes respectively. Although the virus is mostly asymptomatic in nature, in some cases it may appear in the form of lesions on lips, mouth and the genitilia. It is also worth noting that herpes is spread by direct physical contact with the infected region in addition to sexual intercourse.

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If you’re living with herpes, the following home remedies for herpes will help:

 

  • Cold compress: A lot of people living with herpes are aware of the fact that ice cubes can effectively be used to reduce the pain or redness associated with herpes symptoms. You may either apply ice cubes directly or use an ice bad. Repeat the process every 3 to 4 hours to reduce the redness or pain of the sores.

 

  • Lemon: All you need to do is cut the lemon into halves and place the cut area directly on the infected region. You may place the lemon on the sores for as long as you want but remember to replace it after some time.

 

  • Wet tea bags: Start off by soaking a black tea bag in a cup of warm water for a few moments. Apply the wet tea bag to the affected areas. It is the anti – inflammatory and anti – viral property of tea that makes it an effective agent in treatment of herpes symptoms.

 

  • Aloe Vera juice: Applying aloe vera extract or juice directly to the infected area for 10 – 15 days to see optimum results. Consumption of aloe vera juice on an empty stomach is also beneficial.

 

  • Honey: Honey is an amazing remedy for a host of ailments. Honey can be used as an effective agent in treatment of herpes symptoms as well. All you need to do is apply honey to the affected area for about 30 – 40 minutes and wash it off. Repeat the procedure for 3 – 4 times a day for optimum results.

 

  • Milk: Milk is said to be an amazing remedy for sores on the body. In order to treat the symptoms of herpes, apply cold milk on the infected area for about 15 minutes and wash it off. The monocarpin fat present in milk helps in dealing with the virus.

 

While antiviral drugs are known to be highly effective in treating the symptoms associated with the herpes simplex virus, following the aforementioned natural home remedies can prove to be vital in the treatment.

Why it wouldn’t be wrong to assume everyone has herpes?

Herpes is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections in the United States, affective 1 in 5 persons. According to CDC figures on the prevalence of genital herpes, more than 80 percent of persons having herpes are undiagnosed. Besides, the prevalence rate among people in their 40s is 26 percent. In the general population, 11.5 percent men and 20 percent women are living with the herpes simplex virus.

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According to medical experts, herpes is a tricky virus and a person living with herpes simplex virus type – 1, which appears as cold sores, is likely to transmit the infection to another person through oral sex. In this case, the receiving person might receive genital herpes (herpes simplex virus type – 2). As a matter of fact, HSV – 1 is so widespread that almost every person has it.

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Physical intercourse isn’t the only way by which herpes is transmitted

 Another reason behind the spread of the herpes simplex virus is the fact that the virus doesn’t only spread through sexual intercourse. Mere skin-to-skin contact is enough to spread the virus. Moreover, a person experiencing an outbreak is more likely to spread the infection. The virus may lie dormant in the body for several years and suddenly crop up in the form of cold sores in the event of an outbreak.

Unlike Gonorrhea and Chlamydia, there is no cure for herpes. So, once you’re affected with the herpes simplex virus, you have it forever. Although there are antiviral drugs that can reduce the frequency and severity of these outbreaks, there is no way to eliminate the virus from the body. However, it is worth mentioning that research is underway to create a vaccine for the same.

Should you get tested for herpes?

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 A lot of couples these days get themselves tested for sexually transmitted infections prior to getting physically intimate. This, according to medical experts is a great way to ward off transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Given the fact that the herpes simplex virus doesn’t always show any symptoms, it would be wise to go ahead unless you’re sure. The couple should reach a certain level of understanding, and get themselves tested prior to sharing personal space.

Making the most of herpes dating sites

 According to official figures, more than 50 million individuals in the United States are living with herpes simplex virus type – 2 and a vast majority isn’t aware of their infection, which makes them prone to spreading the virus. Therefore, it is always advised to date a person who is living with the same virus as you do so as to prevent the spread of the herpes simplex virus. Dedicated herpes dating sites have made it possible for people with herpes to connect with each other for friendship or a long term relationship.

Are you single this Valentine’s Day? Join a herpes dating site!

Valentine’s Day is round the corner and you find yourself without a companion? With the inception of herpes dating sites, you would no longer have to head out hunting for a companion to spend your special day with. With dating sites offering special features and offers this Valentine’s Day, you could be in for a sweeter deal this time around.

However, with less than a week remaining, it’s time to up the ante and make the leap to finding your Valentine. Here are a few tips that would certainly come in handy in your search for the perfect companion:

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  • Don’t settle for an ordinary dating site: There are thousands of herpes dating sites available on the market with a majority of sites making similar claims. Therefore, it becomes essential to choose a site that caters to all your needs and doesn’t force you to make any compromises. Check out reviews of some of the best herpes dating sites, compare them and join the one that suits you best.
  • Don’t wait for someone to contact you: With less than a week remaining for Valentine’s Day, you shouldn’t waste a considerable amount of time waiting for someone to connect with you. If you come across someone interesting, it would be better to reach out to him / her. You may start off with something in common such as interests or hobbies and get the ball rolling.
  • Don’t dwell on previous experiences: Valentine’s Day 2016 marks the beginning of a new year in your love life. Therefore, instead of thinking about your negative experiences in the past, it would be better to start afresh and connect with people whom bring in the positivity in your life. Stress is the worst think that a person living with herpes should deal with. Find love and mark the beginning of a new and positive life.
  • Watch out for leeches: People know how desperate you are to find the perfect companion this Valentine’s Day. They would do anything it takes you expose you to making terrible mistakes. It has been reported that the frequency of financial frauds increases around Valentine’s Day, given the fact that people don’t wish to remain single on this special day when their friends are out on dates.

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 If you wish to turn this Valentine’s Day from an ordinary day to a special one, all you need to do is join a reliable herpes dating site and design an amazing profile that grabs the attention of your special someone. Follow the aforementioned tips to boost your chances of connecting with the ideal companion who fills the void in your life.

Potential Treatment For Genital Herpes

Medical experts and researchers from across the globe are working hard to find a cure for Genital Herpes. While the final objective is to formulate a vaccine, the results obtained as part of clinical studies haven’t been favorable so far.

Scientists working in the field of herpes research have been exploring the possibilities of using Microbicides as a potential agent in the treatment of genital herpes. Microbicides are chemical substances that act as a shield against infections by killing the micro-organisms before they can enter the body. So far, scientists have been able to discover only two products – tenofovir gel and siRNA nanoparticles that need to be applied on the vagina.

Studies have shown that these chemical agents may be successful in killing various kinds of infections in addition to the herpes simplex virus. Furthermore, it has also been said that using these chemicals shall certainly curb the transmission of the herpes simplex virus from one individual to another. Studies have also been working on new drugs that would prevent the virus from replicating.

Clinical trials of the newly found drugs will undergo clinical trials for several years before they are actually made available to the public. Before a drug is approved by the Food and Drug Administration and made available to the public, it undergoes rigorous clinical tests on the possible benefits and disadvantages. The process is broadly classified into three phases.

In the first phase, it is determined whether the drug is safe for human consumption. In phase 2 it is found out whether the drug works as it should. In the third and final phase, researchers try including more people from different places to see the effectiveness of the drug. To conduct a clinical trial, researchers require voluntary participation of thousands of people. Clinical trials involve patients who are willing to test the affects of a particular drug.

The FDA works in association with a separately appointed review board, which carefully monitors every aspect of the testing process. There is a predefined set of rules and guidelines that must be complied with in order to ensure that the trial is not only ethically but also scientifically correct. The volunteers participating in trials have certain rights and can opt to quit the trial at any point of time.

While it is certainly very risky to be a part of the trial process, there are several benefits associated with it too. For instance, you might get an opportunity to try a new “wonder drug” long before it is made available to the general audience. If you are interested in being a part of the experiment, ask your doctor for he might know of any trial that is seeking volunteers.

Is Joining a Clinical Trial Worth?

The process of introducing a new drug into the market that is ideal for human consumption can be a long one. Before the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) of the United States of America approves a particular drug or treatment it undergoes a laborious process of clinical testing. These clinical trials are categorized into 3 phases, with each one being conducted to meet a specific requirement.

  • Phase 1: Researchers find out if the drug is safe for consumption by the public. If the drug is deemed fit for consumption, the trial progresses onto the second phase.
  • Phase 2: This is the most critical process in the trial period of any drug. In this phase, researchers aim to determine whether the drug works as endorsed. In case it does, the clinical trial proceeds into the third and final phase. If the drug doesn’t work as expected, the trial terminates.
  • Phase 3: In the final stage of experimentation, researchers try including more people from different places as part of the trial. The research is expanded to accommodate more people so that the impact of a particular drug is evaluated on a wider section of the audience.

Scientists need voluntary participation of people in order to successfully conduct a clinical trial. These trials often involve thousands of people who are willing to try the experimental drug. Besides the FDA, an independent review board is set up to keep a tab on every aspect of the trial. There are certain guidelines that researchers are supposed to comply with, in order to ensure that is scientifically as well as ethically sound.

Furthermore, there are certain predefined rights that volunteers enjoy. For instance, they can drop out of the trial at any point of time, without giving any sort of explanation. There is no doubt about the fact that participating in a clinical trial involves a great deal of risk. However, there are some benefits of being a part of the trial as well. You might get an opportunity to try a new “wonder drug” way before it is made available to the general public.

In case you are interested in participating in any such clinical trial, you may ask for doctor for assistance. Physicians and medical experts generally have some idea on any ongoing trials or if any researcher is seeking volunteers. You can also check out the database maintained by the National Institute of Health to search for an opportunity. The official website provides a great deal of information pertaining to a clinical trial as well as the ones that are already in progress.

HIV Medication That Gives Shield against Herpes – Study

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A recent study suggests a HIV medication that may provide shielding against the herpes simplex virus (HSV). This ground-breaking discovery was made during a trial that involved participants who tried the new HIV medication – Tenofovir. Tenofovis has been known to reduce the chances of contracting HIV by up to 75 percent, according to the study

This advantage of the medication is expected to be beneficial to couples where one partner is infected with HIV. The study was headed by Connie Celum, a renowned researcher from the University of Washington, Seattle. The entire study involved 4747 heterosexual partners in Uganda and Kenya. Although these individuals were seronegative for HSV-2 and HIV-1, they were at a greater risk of acquiring HIV-1 from an infected partner.

After the initial discovery pertaining to herpes, analysis of subgroups revealed that tenofovir is effective against herpes too. In order to test for herpes, researchers analyzed samples collected from couples who were free of herpes simplex virus at the beginning of the study. The study showed that one – third of those exposed to HSV while taking tenofovir did not contract herpes.

Researchers reported that 98 percent of the medication bottles were returned. It also showed that a combined 96 percent of medicine had been consumed. This shows that the participants were dedicated to the study and carefully followed the medication as prescribed. These factors have contributed to the authenticity of the study, thereby proving the efficiency of tenofovir.

Genital herpes is a very common STD across the globe. However, it is often observed that due to the nature of symptoms it remains undetected. This means that it is very likely that a person is infected and is completely unaware of it. According to the statistics released by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 20 million Americans are diagnosed with herpes each year. Nonetheless, people are so ashamed to confess about the infection at they prefer to stay isolated.

There are many popular herpes dating sites which aim to eradicate this ideology by offering the much needed support to the Herpes community. Many people feel that contracting Herpes marks an end to their dating life. There is no truth in this statement and this is where these herpes dating sites come into picture. These websites are catered to the diverse needs of people with STDs and strives to encourage people to start dating again and find the love of their life.

There are many exclusive communities of warm – hearted and supportive singles who have Herpes. Apart from connecting people with Herpes from all over the world, these websites also boast of sections where people can learn more about the Herpes and its treatments. In addition, these sites throw limelight on the care locations in your neighborhood so that you can get yourself treated.

Although this study suggests that tenofovir is effective against herpes, in case it is a little late and you are already infected with HSV, herpes dating sites is the place for you.